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PCN from Civil Enforcement @ Starbucks, PCN from Civil Enforcement Ltd
nikkietoni
post Thu, 25 Apr 2019 - 19:25
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Please help!
PCN given by Civil Enforcement Ltd at Starbucks.
My friends daughter Aged 18 yrs and Student had not noticed new signs
Put up at Starbucks when she went in having won a Starbucks gift card at her
Part time job and was treating herself and friend. The signs she realises now were 90 minutes only.
These signs are new to this Starbucks as there was no restrictions prior to Christmas. The overstay was 13 minutes.
There are no photos of the car on the PCN or on their website.
Advice please how to fight this.
http://i67.tinypic.com/mt3rcx.jpg%5B/IMG
http://i66.tinypic.com/10z9s2h.jpg%5B/IMG
http://i68.tinypic.com/2l94f3l.jpg%5B/IMG




This post has been edited by nikkietoni: Thu, 25 Apr 2019 - 19:33
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post Thu, 25 Apr 2019 - 19:25
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Sheffield Dave
post Thu, 25 Apr 2019 - 20:48
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What was said in the appeal, and in particular, did the person appealing admit to being the driver?

This post has been edited by Sheffield Dave: Thu, 25 Apr 2019 - 20:48
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nikkietoni
post Thu, 25 Apr 2019 - 21:04
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Not admitted to being the driver as far as I know. Just appealed saying the signs were not noticed and she spent money and she had the receipt as proof.Appealed to their better nature that she was a student and she did not know about the time restriction as been before and no restriction in place.
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Dave65
post Thu, 25 Apr 2019 - 21:23
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Generally these PPC have no better nature.
Has the driver been back to Starbucks and spoken to the MANAGER?
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nikkietoni
post Thu, 25 Apr 2019 - 21:51
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She did go in but the staff said they have no influence to cancel the pcn
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Redivi
post Thu, 25 Apr 2019 - 22:22
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I would appeal to POPLA on the grounds that the signs were inadequate and CEL has failed to allow the grace periods required by the British Parking Association Code of Practice

I would also tell POPLA that Starbucks is a franchise and CEL must produce its contract for the actual location

That should create a problem because CEL never has contracts with the land-owner
These are all arranged by a "clean" parent company that sub-contracts CEL to manage the site

The request should result in CEL no-contesting the appeal
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nikkietoni
post Fri, 26 Apr 2019 - 10:15
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Thankyou also What about no photographs of the car... is this relevant? There is ANPR on site
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HappyHarry
post Sat, 27 Apr 2019 - 09:48
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Also check the BPA code of practice. There’s a section there about signage having to be prominent if terms of parking change. The appeal could include that the new payment system isn’t prominently displayed.


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“Nobody leaves their house because they want to go and do some parking; parking is simply a means to an end, and it should be as easy as possible.” Rishi Sunak, MP
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nikkietoni
post Tue, 30 Apr 2019 - 06:03
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Thankyou.
Was wondering if anyone knows if the pcn will get cancelled if no photographs showing proof of vehicle. There are no photos online or on the Pcn as proof?
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nikkietoni
post Tue, 7 May 2019 - 07:35
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Please can this appeal be checked before I submit.
Thankyou


I am the registered keeper and would be grateful if you would please consider my appeal for the following reasons.

1. No Grace Period given

2. A compliant Notice to Keeper was never served

3. Hidden signage and not seen so no contract could be entered into or formed.

4. No evidence of Landowner Authority

5. The ANPR system is unreliable and inaccurate


1)The BPA’s Code of Practice states (13) that there are two grace periods: one at the end and one at the start (of a minimum of 10 minutes each) Therefore two Grace Periods should be allowed amounting to 20 minutes altogether. The time parked at Starbucks over the 90 minutes allowed was 13 minutes 34 seconds therefore within the 20 minutes grace period. There was traffic build up on entering the small car park as the drive-through is on the same route as the car park and the exit and so vehicles are entering and leaving all at the same time. There is always a traffic jam. There is restricted width of the car park spaces causing difficulties. Hence the same on leaving the car park.

+see aerial map of car park and drive-through

BPA’s Code of Practice (13.1) states:

“Your approach to parking management must allow a driver who enters your car park .. to leave the car park within a reasonable period without having their vehicle issued with a parking charge notice.”

BPA (13.2) states “You should allow the driver a reasonable grace period.

BPA (18.5) states if a driver is parking with your permission they must have the chance to read the terms and conditions before they enter into the contract with you.BPA(13.4)does not apply in this case (it should be made clear - a contract was never entered into) it is argued that the duration of visit in question is not an unreasonable grace period. The Operator on this occasion have displayed on their PCN the entry and exit times from the car park. They are not the ‘period of parking’ although the law requires the ‘period of parking’. Taking into account the travel time to a parking space and travelling back out of the car park the period of parking here falls comfortably within the mandatory grace period as outlined above.

2) If Civil Enforcement want to make use of the Keeper Liability provisions in Schedule 4 of POFA 2012 and they have not issued and delivered a parking charge notice to the driver in the place where the parking event took place the Notice to Keeper must meet the strict requirements set out in the Schedule (particularly paragraph 9) I have had no evidence the Operator has complied with the BPA requirements for the PCN issued so require them to evidence their compliance to POPLA. In cases with a keeper appellant yet no POFA keeper liability to rely upon POPLA must first consider whether they are confident that the Assessor knows who the driver is based on the evidence received. No presumption can be made about liability whatsoever. A vehicle can be driven by any person with the consent of the owner as long as the driver is insured. There is no dispute that the driver is insured or the driver was entitled to drive the car. I can confirm that they were. I am exercising my right not to name that person. Where a charge is aimed only at a driver then, of course, no other party can be told to pay. I am the appellant and as there has been no admission regarding who was driving and no evidence has been produced it has been held by POPLA on numerous occasions that a parking charge cannot be enforced against a keeper without a valid Notice to Keeper. As the keeper of the vehicle it is my right not to name the driver yet still not be lawfully held liable if an Operator is not using or complying with Schedule 4.This applies regardless of when the first appeal was made because the fact remains I am only the keeper and Schedule 4 of the POFA (or evidence of who was driving) can cause a keeper appellant to be deemed to be the liable party. The burden of proof rests with the Operator because they cannot use POFA in this case to show that I have not complied with terms in place on the land and show that I am personally liable for their parking charge. The vital matter of full compliance with the POFA 2012 was confirmed by parking law expert barrister, Henry Greenslade, the previous POPLA Lead Adjudicator, in 2015 “There appears to be continuing misunderstanding about Schedule 4. Provided certain conditions are strictly complied with it provides for recovery of unpaid parking charges from the keeper of the vehicle. There is no reasonable presumption’ in law that the registered keeper of a vehicle is the driver. Operators should never suggest anything of the sort. Further, a failure by the recipient of a notice issued under Schedule 4 to name the driver, does not of itself mean that the recipient has accepted that they were the driver at the material time. Unlike a Notice of Intended Prosecution where details of the driver of a vehicle must be supplied when requested by the police, pursuant to Section 172 of the Road Traffic Act 1988 a keeper who is sent a Schedule 4 notice has no legal obligation to name the driver. If POFA 2012 Schedule 4 is not complied with then keeper liability does not generally pass. No lawful right exists to pursue unpaid parking charges from a keeper, where an operator is not attempting to transfer the liability for the charge using the POFA. This exact finding was made in a very similar case with the same style NTK 6061796103 v Parking Eye in September 2016, where POPLA Assessor Carly Law found: ''I note the operator advises that it is not attempting to transfer the liability for the charge using the Protection of Freedoms Act 2012 and so in mind the operator continues to hold the driver responsible. As such I must first consider whether I am confident that I know who the driver is based on the evidence received. After considering the evidence I am unable to confirm that the appellant is in fact the driver. So I must allow the appeal on the basis that the operator has failed to demonstrate that the appellant is the driver and therefore liable for the charge. As I am allowing the appeal on this basis I do not need to consider the other grounds of appeal raised by the appellant. Accordingly, I must allow this appeal.''

3) Signs in this car park are not prominent, clear or legible from all parking spaces. Also since the incident signs have been increased following complaints. It is submitted that the driver did not have a fair opportunity to read about any terms and Conditions as the signage is brand new. The car park was always timeless and no restrictions. The signage was not expected and is not of a good enough size to afford motorists the chance to read and understand the terms and conditions before deciding to remain in the car park. In addition the operators signs would not be clearly visible from some parking spaces. The terms appear to be displayed inadequately in letters less than half an inch high. I put the operator to strict proof as to the size of the wording on their signs. As further evidence that this is inadequate notice, with Letter Height Visibility and perspective you would have to stand right in front of it and still need a stepladder (and perhaps a torch and/or magnifying glass) to be able to read the Terms and Conditions. The signs are sporadically placed and obscured in some areas and hidden by large vehicles parked and passing through the drive through.. In the Consumer Rights Act 2015 there is a 'Requirement for

transparency':

(1) A trader must ensure that a written term of a consumer contract, or a consumer notice in writing is transparent and expressed in plain and intelligible language and is legible.

A letter height of less than half an inch showing the terms and the 'charge' and placed high on a pole and in crowded small print is inadequate in an outdoor car park.

Where terms on a sign are not seen and not clearly marked with prominent terms, the driver has not consented to and cannot have 'breached' an unknown contract because there is no contract capable of being established.

So, for this appeal, I put this operator to strict proof of where the car was parked and (from photos taken in the same lighting conditions) how their signs appeared on that date at that time from the angle of the driver's perspective. Equally I require this operator to show how the entrance signs appear from a driver's seat, not stock examples of 'the sign' in isolation/close-up. I submit that full terms simply cannot be read from a car before parking and mere 'stock examples' of close-ups of the (alleged) signage terms will not be sufficient to disprove this.

The signs relating to 'Terms and Conditions' have to be read while travelling into the site so makes their placement completely unacceptable.

They are unremarkably not immediately obvious as parking terms and the wording is mostly illegible, being crowded and cluttered. It is indisputable that placing letters too close together in order to fit more information into a smaller space can drastically reduce the legibility .

I submit that the persuasive case law is in fact 'Vine v London Borough of Waltham Forest [2000] EWCA Civ 106' about a driver not seeing the terms and consequently, she was NOT deemed bound by them. The judgement was binding case law from the Appeal Court and supports my argument

This was a victory for the motorist and so where terms on a sign are not seen and the area not clearly marked/signed with prominent terms the driver has not consented to - and cannot have 'breached' - an unknown contract because there is no contract capable of being established. The driver in that case (who had not seen any signs/lines) had NOT entered into a contract. The recorder made a clear finding of fact that the plaintiff, Miss Vine, did not see a sign because the area was not clearly marked as 'private land' and the signs were obscured/not adjacent to the car and could not have been seen and read from a driver's seat before parking.

4) No evidence of Landowner Authority the operator is put to strict proof of full compliance with the BPA Code of Practice. It is suggested that The Operator does not have proprietary interest in the land and merely acting as agents for the owner/occupier. I ask that The Operator be asked to provide proof they have the authorisation at this location in the form of a signed and dated contract with the landowner which specifically grants them the standing to make contracts with drivers and keepers and to pursue charges in their own name in the courts. Documentary evidence must pre-date the parking event in question and be in the form of genuine copy of the actual site agreement/contract with the landowner/occupier and not just a signed ‘witness statement’ slip of paper saying it exists.

They must ensure that they have the written authority of the landowner (or their appointed agent) prior to legal action being taken. The written authorisation must also set out:

a) the definition of the land on which you may operate, so that the boundaries of the land can be clearly defined

b) any conditions or restrictions on parking control and enforcement operations, including any restrictions on hours of operation

c) any conditions or restrictions on the types of vehicles that may, or may not, be subject to parking control and enforcement

As this operator does not have proprietary interest in the land then I require that they produce an unredacted copy of the contract with the landowner. The contract and any 'site agreement' or 'User Manual' setting out details including exemptions -such as any 'genuine customer' or 'genuine resident' exemptions or any site occupier's 'right of veto' charge cancellation rights is key evidence to define what this operator is authorised to do and any circumstances where the landowner/firms on site have a right to cancellation of a charge. It cannot be assumed just because an agent is contracted to merely put some signs up and issue Parking Charge Notices, that the agent is also authorised to make contracts with all or any category of visiting drivers and/or to enforce the charge in court in their own name (legal action regarding land use disputes generally being a matter for a landowner only). Witness statements are not sound evidence of the above, often being pre-signed, generic documents not even identifying the case in hand or even the site rules. A witness statement might in some cases be accepted by POPLA but in this case I suggest it is unlikely to sufficiently evidence the definition of the services provided by each party to the agreement. operator to strict proof of full compliance:

Not forgetting evidence of the various signatories are:

name/job title/employer company, and whether they are authorised by the landowner to sign a binding legal document

5)The ANPR System is Neither Reliable nor Accurate

”Paragraph 21.3 of the BPA Code of Practice states that parking companies are required to ensure ANPR equipment is maintained and is in correct working order. I require Civil Enforcement Ltd to provide records with the location of the cameras used in this instance together with dates and times of when the equipment was checked, calibrated, maintained and synchronised with the timer which stamps the (as yet unseen) “photographic evidence” to ensure the accuracy of the ANPR images. In terms of the technology of the ANPR cameras themselves, The BPA does not audit the ANPR systems in use by parking operators, and the BPA has no way to ensure that the systems are in good working order or that the data collected is accurate. Independent research has not found that the technology is 'generally accurate' or proportionate or reliable at all, and this is one of the reasons why Councils are banned from using it in car parks. Two statements by the BPA themselves, the first one designed to stop POPLA falling into error about assumed audits:

Steve Clark Head of Operational Services at the BPA emailed a POPLA 'wrong decision' victim back in January 2018 regarding this repeated misinformation about BPA somehow doing 'ANPR system audits', and Mr Clark says: "You were concerned about a comment from the POPLA assessor who determined your case which said:

‘In terms of the technology of the cameras themselves, the BPA audits the camera

systems in use by parking operators in order to ensure that they are in good working order and that the data collected is accurate’

You believe that this statement may have been a contributory factor to the POPLA decision going against you and required answers to a number of questions from us.

This is not a statement that I have seen POPLA use before and therefore I queried it with them as we do not conduct the sort of assessments that the Assessor alludes to.

POPLA have conceded that the Assessor's comments may have been a misrepresentation of Clause 21.3 of

the BPA Code which says: “You must keep any ANPR equipment you use in your car parks in good working order. You need to

make sure the data you are collecting is accurate, securely held and cannot be tampered with. The processes that you use to manage your ANPR system may be audited by our compliance team or our agents.’

Our auditors check operators compliance with this Code clause and not the cameras themselves.'' ICO’s CCTV Code of Practice state that if Civil Enforcement Ltd wish to use ANPR cameras then they must undertake a privacy impact assessment to justify its use and show that its introduction is proportionate and necessary. It also states that Civil Enforcement must regularly evaluate whether it is necessary and proportionate to continue using it. It therefore follows that I require The Operator to provide proof of regular privacy impact assessments in

order to comply with the ICO’s CCTV COP and BPA. I also require the outcome of privacy impact assessments to show that its use has “a lawful basis and is justified, necessary and proportionate”. The ICO’s CCTV Code of Practice goes on to state:5.3 Staying in Control-Once you have followed the guidance in this code and set up the surveillance system you need to ensure that it continues to comply with the DPA and the code’s requirements in practice. You should: tell people how they can make a subject access request, who it should be sent to and what information needs to be supplied with their Request;”

“7.6 Privacy Notices

It is clear that these and similar devices present more difficult challenges in relation to providing individuals with fair processing information, which is a requirement under the first principle of the DPA. For example, it will be

difficult to ensure that an individual is fully informed of this information if the surveillance system is airborne, on a person or, in the case of ANPR, not visible at ground level or more prevalent then it may first appear. One of the main rights that a privacy notice helps deliver is an individual’s right of subject access.”

The Operator has not stated clearly on their signage a Privacy Notice explaining the keepers right to a Subject Access Request (SAR). This is a mandatory requirement of the ICO’s CCTV COP (5.3 and 7.6) which in turn is mandatory within the BPA’s COP and a serious omission by any data processor using ANPR, such that it makes the use of this registered keeper’s data unlawful. By virtue of the nature of an ANPR

system recording only entry and exit times, Civil Enforcement Ltd are not able to definitively state the period of parking. I require Civil Enforcement Ltd to provide evidence to show the vehicle in question was parked on the date/time (for the duration claimed) and at the location stated in the NTK.I contend that if the vehicle was in fact parked for the period stated by the Claimant, it clearly was not in breach of the parking terms and conditions, as it was in accordance with the Grace Period permitted by the BPA Code of Practice.

I contend that it is wholly unacceptable to rely on unclear photos that provide no evidence of date, time or location in an attempt to profit by charging a disproportionate sum where no loss has been caused as parking was FREE anyway.

This post has been edited by nikkietoni: Tue, 7 May 2019 - 19:20
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superstar.son
post Mon, 27 May 2019 - 02:23
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Hi,

I'm just wondering what your situation is regarding this appeal.

I am in precisely the same situation as yourself, hacing received a PCN from CEL for an alleged overstay of the Starbucks car park near the Trafford Centre. Like you, I was not the driver at the time. (I would recommend, as was advised to me, to edit your post to remove all references as to who was driving the vehicle at the time - refer to them only as 'the driver'. These companies apparently lurk these websites.)

I'm at the stage of appealing to CEL, and am wondering if you have appealed to POPLA/ if you have the results of the appeal back yet?

Many thanks, and best of luck to us both!

This post has been edited by superstar.son: Mon, 27 May 2019 - 02:28
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nikkietoni
post Fri, 21 Jun 2019 - 08:35
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Received this today from Popla stating after all this time !!!!!
As far as I know I put everything in correctly!
Has anyone else had problems with this ? What are your thoughts?


We have come to assess your appeal and the attachment that includes your appeal will not open. When opening the attachment it is a blank screen. We referred it to our I.T department who are also unable to open it. Please re-submit the document by attaching it to this email within the next 7 days. If we have not received it after 7 days we will assess the appeal based on the comments we do have.

Kind regards

POPLA Team

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nosferatu1001
post Sat, 22 Jun 2019 - 10:30
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That you send it in as instructed.
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nikkietoni
post Mon, 24 Jun 2019 - 13:17
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Win at popla!
Thanks for all the help on here you guys!! biggrin.gif

This post has been edited by nikkietoni: Mon, 24 Jun 2019 - 13:37
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Dave65
post Tue, 25 Jun 2019 - 09:11
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Can you post up the popla repy for reference by others in future in similar situation?
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The Rookie
post Thu, 4 Jul 2019 - 03:44
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QUOTE (Dave65 @ Tue, 25 Jun 2019 - 10:11) *
Can you post up the popla repy for reference by others in future in similar situation?

http://forums.pepipoo.com/index.php?showto...p;#entry1494749

Apparently the driver was identified in the appeal, but CEL provided no evidence of landowner (holder?) authority.


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